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Tuesday, July 21, 2020 | History

4 edition of Postural abnormalities during reaches to contralateral targets made by stroke patients found in the catalog.

Postural abnormalities during reaches to contralateral targets made by stroke patients

Denise Roberta Fogal Smith

Postural abnormalities during reaches to contralateral targets made by stroke patients

by Denise Roberta Fogal Smith

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Published by National Library of Canada in Ottawa .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (M.Sc.)--University of Toronto, 1993.

SeriesCanadian theses = Thèses canadiennes
The Physical Object
FormatMicroform
Pagination2 microfiches : negative.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL15114282M
ISBN 100315871148
OCLC/WorldCa46532820

The patient uses the stronger UE or LE to push over to the weaker side, often resulting in instability and falls. Training needs to emphasize upright positions with active movement shifts toward the stronger side. Example 1: the patient can be positioned with the stronger side next to a wall and instructed to "lean toward the wall." Example 2: shortened the cane to encourage weight shift to.   During this period, two measures were calculated: maximum posture speed (PS max) and minimum posture speed (PS min). PS max was calculated as the 95th percentile of hand speed in the ms when the hand was positioned in the central target, prior to the illumination of the peripheral target across all trials, while PS min was defined as the.

Benaim C, Perennou DA, Villy J, Rousseaux M, Pelissier JY. Validation of a standardized assessment of postural control in stroke patients: the Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke Patients (PASS). Stroke ; – 8. Mao HF, Hsueh IP, Tang PF, Sheu CF, Hsieh CL. Results: Neglect patients show a dramatic postural disability, due both to problems in body orientation with respect to gravity and to problems in body stabilisation. It might be that these problems are partly caused by a neglect phenomenon bearing on graviceptive (somaesthetic > vestibular) and visual information serving postural control.

Neurons in each half of the cerebellum synapse on _____ targets in the thalamus and other subcortical structures, and therefore regulate the effectors on the _____ side of the body. a. ipsilateral / ipsilateral b. ipsilateral / contralateral c. contralateral / ipsilateral d. contralateral / contralateral. In 80 patients with a hemisphere stroke (35 with contralesional lateropulsion including 6 'pushers'), 34 had an abnormal contralesional postural vertical tilt (average +/- degrees),


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Postural abnormalities during reaches to contralateral targets made by stroke patients by Denise Roberta Fogal Smith Download PDF EPUB FB2

Analysis and comparison of the psychometric properties of three balance measures for stroke patients. Stroke.

;33(4) Find it on PubMed. Persson CU, Hansson PO, Danielsson A, Sunnerhagen KS. A validation study using a modified version of Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke Patients: Postural Stroke Study in Gothenburg (POSTGOT). Postural disorders and spatial neglect in stroke patients: a strong association.

Pérennou D(1). Author information: (1)Service de Rééducation Neurologique, CHU, INSERM ERM Motricité et plasticité, Centre de Médecine Physique & Réadaptation, Dijon Cedex, France. [email protected] by: The Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke patients (PASS) was developed to assess sitting, lying, and standing balance in persons who experienced a stroke.

The StrokEDGE taskforce highly recommends the PASS for acute care, as it has excellent psychometric properties and clinical utility. During reach movement with the affected limb at a self-selected velocity, post-stroke subjects presented a delay on EMG activity onset of LD contralateral (U = 8; p = ) and ipsilateral (U = ; p = ) to the movement compared to the group by: The Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke Patients has been found to be highly valid and reliable during the first 3 months after stroke.

Five items have been suggested 33 to measure trunk control: sitting without support, supine to affected side, supine to nonaffected side, supine to sitting on the edge of the bed, and sitting to supine. Anticipatory postural adjustments during sitting reach movement in post-stroke subjects.

Ten healthy and eight post-stroke subjects were studied in sitting. The task consisted in reaching an object placed at scapular plane and mid-sternum height at self-selected and fast velocities. A delay on the contralateral LD to reach movement with. One study which included 1, stroke patients, showed that % of these patients developed movement disorders, while Ghika-Schmid et al.

[ 10 ], described a prevalence of movement disorders in 1% of post stroke patients and an incidence of %. Results. After 2 weeks’ training, the experimental group had increased their maximum reach distance by m (95% CI to ), decreased their movement time by s (95% CI – to –), increased their peak vertical force through the affected foot during reaching by 13% of body weight (95% CI 6 to 20) and increased their peak vertical force through the affected foot during.

The objective of the present study was to determine whether these two references were independently linked to postural asymmetry in standing stroke patients. Methods: Twenty-two subjects were tested after a first hemispheric stroke (13 ± weeks).

The LBA perception was investigated in the supine position by adjusting the orientation of a. Due to the long-lasting constraints, physical performance and the social adaptation of the patients has been hampered [2]. In stroke, abnormal postural response can not be due only to the.

The high sensitivity of the scale during the acute stages of a stroke is excellent and is shown by its' ability to discriminate between patients with right and left brain damage Miscellaneous There is strong evidence that a short form of Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke patients, the 5-item PASS-3L, has sound psycho-metric properties in.

Post-stroke patients show many changes in the motor strategies used to achieve postural control; most of these changes are due to central nervous system impairment, but some might be considered. Introduction Stroke frequently results in balance disorders, leading to lower levels of activity and a diminution in autonomy.

Current physical therapies (PT) aiming to reduce postural imbalance have shown a large variety of effects with low levels of evidence.

The objectives are to determine the efficiency of PT in recovering from postural imbalance in patients after a stroke and to assess. Specific screening and treatment of spatial neglect during acute stroke care may be necessary to improve long-term mobility recovery.

particularly in patients with abnormal postural control. patients with acute lesions and followed-up their recovery during the first 4 months after stroke.

This is important because previous work had focused on patients with chronic stage and no detailed biomechanical data were available documenting the early process of recovery in patients with cerebellar stroke.

Finally, we used lesion-symptom mapping. Internal consistency: In a sample of 50 stroke patients, Cronbach’s alpha values were: for the postural change items; for the sitting balance items; for the standing balance items (Pyoria et al., ). Reliability: In a sample of 19 stroke patients who were within 1–8 weeks post-stroke, the inter-rater reliability was   The greatest amount of trunk rotation was used by all groups for reaches toward the contralateral target (F 2, 42 =P stroke used greater trunk rotation than controls for all targets (F 2, 21 =P).

Conclusions—Our results confirm that the PASS is one of the most valid and reliable clinical assessments of postural control in stroke patients during the first 3 months after stroke. (Stroke. ;) Key Words: reproducibility of results n prognosis n posture n stroke n hemiplegia.

Contralateral LE weakness that is more severe than UE; apraxia, mental changes, primitive reflexes, bowel/bladder incontinence; total occlusion = contralateral hemiplegia with severe weakness of face/tongue/proximal arm muscles and spasticity of distal LE; sensory loss in LE. Benedetta Bodini, Olga Ciccarelli, in Diffusion MRI, b Essential Tremor.

Essential tremor (ET) is the most common movement disorder, characterized by a 4 to 12 Hz kinetic and postural tremor affecting the hands, the head, or other parts of the body.

ET is usually a benign disorder, but growing evidence shows that it could also have a progressive course (Louis, ). Nearly half of stroke survivors fail to respond to contemporary treatments intended to remediate gait dysfunction., This lack of therapeutic efficacy results, in part, because the capacity for such recovery is poorly understood.

Equally important, current therapies likely fail to address the most appropriate targets for rehabilitation.Postural control has been defined as the act of maintaining, achieving or restoring a state of balance during any posture or activity [].As well as problems with moving and controlling limbs, many hemiparetic patients also experience difficulty in maintaining balance, because a defect in the "body image" causes them to ignore the affected side.Reaches by patients with TBI were characterized by shorter distances, lower peak velocities, and smaller postural displacements than reaches by control individuals.

All participants reached ~9% farther in the VE presented at a 50° angle than they did in the physical environment.